Corruption Risks in Urban Water Supply and Sanitation

Brief

About half of the world’s population lives in cities, with a UN estimate that by 2030, five billion people will be urban citizens. Moreover, the developing world, that had previously not seen a majority of its people as city dwellers, now faces urbanization as a dramatically growing trend with as many as five million new urban citizens per month1. One consequence of this urbanization is that issues of poor governance linked to water supply and sanitation in the developing world can significantly increase the risk of corruption, in particular when the effects of the gaps between rich and poor become more evident in service delivery. Rapid and often uncontrolled population growth with all of its consequences, combined with the complexity of urban water management makes it an ideal ground for corruption to fester on, and the poor are particularly prone to fall victim to it. […]