(c) GWP - PNE Benin

Assessing and promoting integrity levels for rural water

Case studies from West Africa: using AWIS, Integrity Pacts and accountability mechanisms to promote integrity

Rural WASH is not immune to corruption concerns. Poor integrity in the development and management of rural WASH projects contributes to poor service and those who suffer most are then often the poor and most vulnerable.

In contexts where there are fewer resources to develop or manage facilities, where there is lower awareness on water and sanitation developments and rights, and more problematically, where petty corruption can be an entrenched and accepted practice, it can be daunting to bring in integrity perspectives to our work and actively promote Transparency, Accountability, and Participation effectively. But,  it is crucial. There are many ways to promote integrity for service delivery, at local level and for any type of WASH project.

Here are a few examples from West Africa, of water sector stakeholders working together to promote integrity with concrete and practical steps, adapted to the scale and focus of their local service delivery programmes.


Participatory assessments of integrity for local water services (Benin)

For example, in southern Benin, GWP-PNE Benin (with support from WIN), worked to raise awareness of integrity issues and integrity tools and supported water stakeholders in 2015 and 2016 to assess integrity risks in their municipalities. They opted to use the AWIS tool, a participatory assessment of TAP levels of different aspects of service delivery at local level. AWIS was helpful because it can be easily adapted to different types of contexts, is relatively quick, but still participatory. AWIS was helpful in raising awareness of the key concerns and is a relatively simple way of establishing priority work areas for integrity that can contribute to improving service delivery. The AWIS assessment pushed municipal authorities to prioritize the restructuring of leasing contracts for water point operators, to take measures to reduce nepotism in the operators’ recruitment process, and to support training for the Potable Water Consumers Association (ACEP).

(In new programmes in Benin, AWIS has also been adapted for use at wider scale as part of national baseline assessment study on integrity.)

Read full case study:

in EN

in FR



Multi-stakeholder commitments to integrity in procurement (Senegal)

In the region of Ziguinchor in Casamance, Senegal, following local training initiatives on integrity and integrity tools, key actors of the water sector, including local government, local service providers, and development partner ACRA, worked together to develop an integrity pact to prevent corruption in the development of local water projects, from procurement through project execution. They agreed on a series of commitments (no bribing, no leaking of privileged information to potential contractors, no preferential treatment, a thorough and set procurement process, transparency on processes and communication to the general public) and a set of sanctions in case of breach of the pact. The pact was well received, has helped raise awareness on integrity concerns, and helped build trust among stakeholders.

Read full case study:

in FR



Downward accountability from local authorities on WASH programme development and implementation (Burkina Faso)

In Burkina Faso, municipalities must develop a Municipal WASH Development Plan, which outlines priority areas of development and the resources available for the works. The plans are meant to be detailed and participatory exercises and their development can be a complex and costly challenge for many municipalities. The plans should in theory be developed with a monitoring and evaluation mechanism. In the municipality of Pabré, local authorities do this by organizing a regular public meeting where the present the plan, progress so far, what has been completed, and the resources used to carry out the plan. The meeting is meant to promote transparency and accountability from the municipal government. It has so far helped raise awareness for WASH and integrity issues in the region and helps to build trust among sector stakeholders.

Read full case study:

in FR

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