• Assessing and monitoring integrity

    Examples of tools and resources we use to assess integrity and promote monitoring for accountability.

The water sector needs reliable monitoring and evaluation systems to ensure transparent decision-making and to hold institutions and individuals accountable. Being able to monitor drinking water, sanitation or irrigation is necessary to achieve performance targets, and to combat corruption and build integrity. Financial indicators, unaccounted-for-water, value-for-money studies, public expenditure tracking and user engagement are all relevant for integrity monitoring. Monitoring tools are available to monitor:Perceived corruption levels Transparency in corporate reporting and water management agencies Service quality Integrity in procurement Budget transparency Integrity in hydropower planning, implementation and operation

Chapter 6 of the Water Integrity Global Outlook 2016: ‘What counts?’ provides more detail on governance and integrity assessments and how these are crucial elements of programme development in the water sector.


Governance assessments make it possible to assess implementation of water management reform processes and to establish strong starting positions for programme development.

User’s guide on assessing water governance

Go-to reference (with examples of indicators) to examine water sector institutions and stakeholders, water sector performance, and effectiveness, for selected governance functions, and governance principles.

OECD Inventory of water governance indicators and measurement frameworks

Inventory of more than 60 indicators, databases and maps and assessment tools on measuring water governance.


A first step in addressing integrity issues is understanding their scale and nature, including for their most serious component: corruption.


To ensure our results are reliable also requires monitoring and gathering data with, and for, integrity: in a transparent, accountable, and participative way. Third-party monitoring—by communities, the media, or oversight bodies for example—is one way of complementing and evaluating official monitoring processes.