WIN has been implementing the Multi-Country Water Integrity Programme in Nepal in collaboration with Helvetas Swiss Inter-Cooperation since 2012. Water integrity is a component of the Water Resource Management Programme (WARM-P) of Helvetas Nepal and is a work focus in the districts of Acham, Dailekh and Surkhet. The programme focuses on promoting Transparency, Accountability, and Participation (TAP) in Nepal’s WASH sector. Activities within the programme include joint monitoring of WASH schemes, promotion of public hearings and collaborative efforts with the media to promote social accountability.
A noteworthy achievement of the programme in Nepal is that water integrity and accountability are explicitly mentioned in the WASH Sector Policy Development Plan 2016-2030. The document states that WASH and water projects must adhere to integrity principles. This has been the result of continued advocacy work by implementing partners and other network members.
The young democracy of Nepal promulgated its new constitution in 2015 after eight years of efforts. The first local level elections were held in 2017, putting into a effect a decentralized governance system.
Nepal has endorsed different international declarations and commitments including the human rights to water and sanitations and SDGs, and it has set up its own national goal of achieving universal coverage of drinking water and sanitation by 2017.
Dissemination and implementation of laws, rules and regulations in Nepal is relatively weak. There is also a lack of meaningful participation of users in decision-making and monitoring. In terms of access to WASH services, women, migrant workers, members of disadvantaged communities and people dwelling in remote mountainous region often suffer discrimination.