IM, Procurement - Bidding, Project Execution - O&M, Public institution, River Basin Organization, SME, Tool, Water and Sanitation Service Provider,

Integrity pacts

Agreements between project owners, bidders/contractors and civil society organizations to abstain from illicit practices.

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IM, Procurement - Bidding, Public institution, River Basin Organization, Tool, Water and Sanitation Service Provider,

Independent procurement committee

Independent observers and social witnesses in the procurement committee review the organization’s compliance with procurement regulation.

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IM, Procurement - Bidding, Project Execution - O&M, Public institution, River Basin Organization, Tool, Water and Sanitation Service Provider,

Sensitization of contractors/partners

Familiarise contractors with integrity issues and the project owner’s values and norms.

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IM, Procurement - Bidding, Public institution, Risk, Water and Sanitation Service Provider,

Manipulation of bids

In the procurement process, bidders can manipulate bids by false statements in order to win the contract or increase (personal) profits.

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IM, Procurement - Bidding, Public institution, Risk, Water and Sanitation Service Provider,

Collusion among bidders

Collusion among bidders can corrupt the procurement process and leave the project owner with poor value for money.

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IM, Procurement - Bidding, Risk, SME,

Manipulation of bids

In the bidding process competitors can manipulate bids by false statements on qualifications in order to win the bid or increase (personal) profits.

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IM, Procurement - Bidding, Risk, River Basin Organization, SME,

Corrupt bidding process

Competitors might collude with project owners or among each other in the bidding process resulting in the dismissal of the SME’s bid.

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