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Global Reports

Strategy 2017 - 2022, Engaging with partners for change

In the 2017-2022 period, WIN will have impact by leveraging the influence of strong partners (including the private sector), who can trigger measurable change within countries. By 2022, at least 10 strategic partners will be actively strengthening water integrity through their programmes around the globe.



How to Promote Water Integrity - Lessons Learned

WIN’s Lessons Learned Report captures experiences and challenges faced whilst working on water integrity between 2011 – 2016. The report demonstrates that working to improve water integrity is not always a straightforward matter. Approaching the topic, targeting interventions, interpreting key principles, and prioritizing actions can be considerable challenges. The lessons outlined in this report highlight how WIN and its partners have faced these challenges, and how we are moving forward to effectively support improvements in water management and WASH services.


Water Integrity Global Outlook 2016

The Water Integrity Global Outlook 2016 captures a growing recognition of the need for good governance and measures to eliminate corruption to improve sector performance. WIGO highlights how institutional fragmentation and corruption undermine resources and services. It outlines techniques that make improvements achievable and makes recommendations for action by governments, sector actors, the private sector and civil society bodies.

Report developed by WIN in partnership with CapNet, the Global Water Partnership, Transparency International, Transparency International Bangladesh, BAWIN, the Water Governance Facility, and SIWI with the support of BMZ, the Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs, SDC and Sida.


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tags: #corruption #governance #outlook

Find out more about the Water Integrity Global Outlook:

1. A Global Mandate for Water Integrity: Protecting, Sharing & Valuing Earth’s Water Resources – for Everyone

2. The Importance of Policies and Laws: For Justice, Better Governance and to Safeguard Integrity

3. Following the Money: Lack of Financial Capacity and Data Put Water Sector at Risk

4. From Planning to Implementation: Protection Needed to Guard Corruption Hotspots

5. Approaches and Tools for Enhancing Integrity: Capacity Development Prepares Sector to Combat Corruption

6. Monitoring and Evaluating Water Integrity: Measuring Progress against Corruption in the Water Sector

Global Corruption Report 2008: Corruption in the Water Sector

The Global Corruption Report of 2008 tackles the crucial issue of the water sector, examining how the failure to govern this essential life resource more transparently and accountably has an enormous price – both today and for future generations.

The report was developed by WIN (then a unit of Transparency International) and Transparency International.


Read online via Transparency International


tags: #corruption #governance



Can irrigation management transfer stop the chain of rent-seeking in the water sector?

What are the dynamics of rent-seeking practices in the Indonesian irrigation sector, and what can be learnt from community-based development initiatives, such as irrigation management transfer?




How to Tackle Institutionalized Corruption in the Water Sector

An examination of the characteristics of the upeti system in the Indonesia irrigation sector: a complex, institutionalized system in which subordinates are expected to funnel resources upwards to their superiors in exchange for better positions and social benefits. This brief reflects on how such institutionalized systems must make us reflect on our approach to tackling corruption.

WIN and IWMI brief, by Michael Dunford, Diana Suhardiman, and Peter Mollinga



tags: #irrigation #upeti #Indonesia


A Human Rights-Based Approach to Tackling Corruption in the Water Sector

An outline of how a Human Rights based approach can provide a lens through which corruption and its negative impact on water and sanitation can be evaluated more carefully and how the fulfilment of Human Rights obligations and the promotion of water integrity can be mutually reinforcing.

WIN and Waterlex water integrity brief, by Aline Baillat based on the full report, Corruption and the Human Right to Water.

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tags: #humanrights #transparency #accountability #participation

Regulation: Catalyst for Better Governance and Enhanced Integrity in Water Utilities?

Although regulation of water services is not introduced per se to combat corruption, it can play an important role in improving sector and utility governance in a sustainable manner.  This brief first outlines the corruption and integrity hot spots utilities face in their day-to-day operations before exploring how regulators can develop an enabling regulatory framework that will support integrity in the water sector

WIN and GIZ water integrity brief, by Daniel Nordmann.

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tags: #regulation #utilities #waterserviceprovider


Water Integrity: an Opportunity for the Private Sector

This brief examines the key risks associated with private sector participation in water service provision, with a special focus on contracting risks and influence over political processes.

WIN and cewas water integrity brief by Janek Hermann-Friede, Johannes Heeb and Michael Kropac

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tags: #utilities #waterserviceprovider #procurement #contracting #privatesector


Circumstances of Corruption in Planning Small Reservoirs in sub-Saharan Africa

This brief explores key integrity, corruption and mismanagement risks faced by the planners of small reservoirs in rural Sub-Saharan Africa. All in all, it is believe that water integrity is an overlooked element of small reservoir planning that could reduce risks and improve overall reservoir performance.

WIN and IWMI water integrity brief, by Birke Otto and Jean-Philippe Venot.

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tags: #reservoir #dam #infrastructure


Enhancing Integrity to Reduce Corruption in Managing Rivers

This brief outlines key risk factors and integrity challenges that are specific to river basin management and points to some key measures that can increase integrity in river basin management, with examples from Indonesia, Japan, Spain, Sri Lanka and Pakistan.

WIN and GWP water integrity brief, by Binayak Das.

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tags: #riverbasin #transboundary


Why Water Integrity Matters for Food Security

This paper highlights how corruption issues in the water sector form a threat to global food security. It provides an overview of corruption risks affecting the food production chain, and summarizes best approaches and concrete measures to increase water integrity for food security.

WIN water integrity brief by Eefje Aarnoudse and Sarah Belalia.



tags: #water for food #irrigation #rural


Challenges and Priorities for Water Integrity in the Irrigation Sector

This brief examines the main governance systems and associated integrity risks for irrigation systems such as canal irrigation, tube well irrigation and wastewater irrigation.

WIN water integrity brief, by Eefje Aarnoudse.

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tags: #irrigation #canal #wastewater #rural


Corruption Risks and Integrity in Urban Water Supply and Sanitation

This brief is an initial step in addressing corruption risks in urban water supply and sanitation services. It is based on a literature review and a consultation of 14 experienced experts from the water sector. It provides an overview of general challenges in urban water supply and sanitation, points out links to related corruption risks and describes several governance aspects that are key to reducing these risks.



tags: #urban #wastewater


Manuel de formation sur l'intégrité de l'eau adapté au contexte de l'Afrique de l'Ouest

This manual on water integrity is a general introduction to corruption in the water sector, the principles of transparency, accountability and participation, and the tools that can be used to assess and prevent integrity risks. The manual targets a broad audience – water managers, capacity builders, regulators and other water decision-makers as well as journalists and other civil society’s stakeholders interested in water integrity issues – and has been developed for easy use in training sessions and capacity development programmes. This adaptation to the context of West Africa highlights the key water integrity challenges for the region and presents examples and cases studies from West Africa.

Manual adapted by WIN, based on the general developed by WIN, the UNDP Water Governance Facility at SIWI (WGF), Cap-Net and Water Net.

For more information on organizing water integrity capacity development exercises, please contact us.



tags: #training #capacity development #manual #transparency #accountability #participation


Water TAP Manual

A practical guide to managing water integrity in water utilities with transparency, accountability, and participation, based on experiences from pilot projects in the MENA region.

Report published by WIN, the Arab Countries Water Utilities Association (ACWUA), Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH (in EN only).



tags: #utilities #mena #risk assessment

Guide for Managing Integrity in Water Stewardship Initiatives

A framework for improving effectiveness and transparency

Engaging businesses in water management can make a major contribution to sustainable development. Water Stewardship Initiatives (WSI) are multi-stakeholder platforms including businesses, that jointly address specific shared water challenges. WSIs can face a range of integrity risks that have the potential to seriously harm the communities, institutions, and ecosystems they work in.

The Guide for Managing Water Integrity in WSIs is a practical set of principles, guiding questions, and tools, to support the development and work of WSIs. By both understanding and properly managing risks, and by engaging stakeholders in collective action with integrity, WSIs can deliver on the promise of better water governance.

Tool developed by WIN and the CEO Water Mandate, in partnership with the Pacific Institute, Water Witness International, Partnerships in Practice, Pegasys, and the International Water Stewardship Programme.

For more information on applying the integrity framework to your multi-stakeholder platform or WSI, please contact us.

Explore the WSI integrity guidelines online.



tags: #water stewardship #private sector #risk management


Integrity Management Toolbox for Water Service Providers

Irregular procurement processes, illegal connections, collusion of officials with informal water cartels, or falsification of invoices and accounts, are all serious integrity challenges that water sector organizations face. Such risks can damage an organization’s reputation and in worst cases seriously affect their bottom line. While there are some initiatives to address related issues in policy, there was, until now, little practical guidance for water sector organizations to tackle these problems.

The Integrity Management (IM) Toolbox supports organizations in making integrity a part of their strategic plans, business models, and management systems to reduce risks and improve performance. It provides a step-by-step methodology for initiating and facilitating an integrity change process, as well as comprehensive information on
integrity risks and relevant mitigation tools.

The toolbox has been adapted and expanded for utilities, service providers, water SMEs, River Basin Organizations and Rural Water Associations in various countries. The full toolbox with adaptations and insight on cases is available online:

Explore the IM toolbox online

For more information on implementing the IM toolbox in your organization, please contact us.

The original pilot toolbox was developed for water service providers in Kenya. The toolbox methodology, tools and risks used in this case are described in these publications developed by WIN, GIZ and cewas.


tags: #integrity management #water service provider #utility #risk management


User's Guide on Assessing Water Governance

The User’s Guide on Assessing Water Governance is the go-to reference to develop a relevant assessment framework for water governance and water integrity.

WIN, UNDP Water Governance Facility at SIWI and Oslo Governance Centre tool, by Maria Jacobson, Fiona Meyer, Ingvild Oia, Paavani Reddy and Håkan Tropp (in EN only).

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tags: #risk assessment #monitoring #manual #water governance


Training Manual on Water Integrity

Personal and institutional capacity development should underpin any programme or reform for more water integrity: to raise awareness, enable dialogue, build an understanding of concepts, issues and tools, motivate networks, and support change processes. This manual is for general training sessions on water integrity, covering:

  • Corruption dynamics and risks in the water sector
  • Water governance and how it is interlinked with integrity
  • Anti-corruption laws, institutions and instruments
  • Transparency, accountability, and participation as pillars of integrity

The manual targets a broad audience: water managers, capacity builders, regulators and other water decision-makers as well as journalists and other civil society’s stakeholders interested in water integrity issues.

Manual developed by WIN, UNDP Water Governance Facility, Cap-Net and Waternet



For more information on organizing water integrity capacity development exercises, please contact us.


tags: #training #capacity development #manual #transparency #accountability #participation


Annotated Water Integrity Scans (AWIS)

The Annotated Water Integrity Scan (AWIS) is a tool to quickly assess the integrity situation in specific water sub-sectors through a one day multi-stakeholder workshop. The participatory scan analyses water integrity risks that may facilitate corruption. It is focused on the three pillars of integrity: Transparency, Accountability and Participation (TAP).

WIN and IRC tool, by Jan-Teun Visscher and Janek Hermann-Friede.

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tags: #risk assessment #AWIS #transparency #accountability # participation

Integrity Pacts in the Water Sector

An Implementation Guide for Government Officials

An integrity pact is a structured agreement between contracting parties from the governmental and private sector to abide by certain integrity principles during project procurement and implementation phases. The pact is monitored by an independent third party and has accompanying sanctions in case it is not complied with.

WIN and Transparency International tool, by Juanita Olaya.

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tags: #integrity pact #procurement


Thematic Reports

Corruption and the Human Right to Water

A Human Rights’ Based Approach to Tackling Corruption in the Water Sector,

This report describes how a Human Rights based approach can provide a lens through which corruption and its negative impact on water and sanitation can be evaluated more carefully and how the fulfilment of Human Rights obligations and the promotion of water integrity can be mutually reinforcing.

WIN and Waterlex report, by Aline Baillat.

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tags: #human rights #transparency #accountability #participation


Corruption Risks and Governance Challenges in the Irrigation Sector

Irrigation water supply can significantly improve the lives of poor households in developing countries. However, the reliable supply of irrigation is often hindered by corrupt practices at different levels of the irrigation sector. The main corruption risks identified in this study result from poor irrigation governance. Canal irrigation, tube well irrigation and wastewater irrigation are identified as three types of irrigation systems with specific governance and corruption risks. In public canal irrigation, the largest risk is related to capital intensive investments, and operation and maintenance by irrigation officials.

WIN report, by Eefje Aarnoudse.



tags: #irrigation #canal #wastewater #rural


Water, Corruption and Climate Change

Climate change is adding new avenues and scope for corruption in the water sector. Potential challenges include a misuse of the term ‘climate
change’ and lack of transparency in the discourse surrounding this topic, as well as the channeling of large sums of money into high-risk countries for corruption without bringing real protection to threatened communities. This expert consultation report looks into how the water sector has to change its approach to dealing with corruption as it faces climate change.

WIN expert consultation, Berlin.



tags: #climatechange


Country Reports and Cases

Integrity Management Toolbox Implementaiton - Kenya

The Integrity Management (IM) Toolbox for small water supply systems is an innovative participatory approach to coordinate efforts between communities and local governments to improve the quality of services provided from small water supply systems in rural and marginalized areas. Implementing partners have identified five case studies from Kenya, highlighting key achievements, challenges, and lessons learnt. Produced with Caritas Switzerland.



WRUA Case Studies - Kenya

The capacity development programme, Strengthening transparency, accountability and participation in and through WRUAs, aimed at leveraging the potential of the Water Resource Users Associations (WRUAs) in the Lake Naivasha Basin (Kenya) as reliable, transparent, and credible local water institutions.



Pour une compréhension globale et approfondie de la vulnérabilité actuelle et future du secteur aux phénomènes de corruption et autres pratiques contraires à l’éthique au niveau national, le PNE-Bénin, WIN et la coopération néerlandaise à travers l’Organisation néerlandaise pour le développement au Bénin (SNV Bénin) et le programme OmiDelta, ont accompagné le ministère de l’Eau et des Mines (MEM), dans la mise en place de la présente mission d’élaboration d’une cartographie des risques d’atteinte à l’intégrité dans le secteur de l’eau et de l’assainissement au Bénin, et accessoirement dans le secteur de l’irrigation agricole.


Tags: #Benin

Use and Effectiveness of Effluent Treatment Plants in the Garments Industry of Bangladesh: a Water Sector Integrity Perspective

Research report on the use of Effluent Treatment Plants (ETPs) in clothing factories in Bangladesh to control pollution and toxic wastewater discharge, with recommendations for improvement in terms of Transparency, Accountability, Participation, and Anti-Corruption.

BAWIN, ENRAC and Transparency International Bangladesh report.

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tags: #pollution #wastewater #clothing #Bangladesh

Public Engagement to Improve Water Services in Medellin

Fighting against corruption is important to water integrity. However, the corruption focus can fall too short in explaining why the urban poor continue to be excluded from affordable and adequate water supply services. By drawing upon case study research conducted in Medellín, Colombia, this brief investigates how water integrity is perceived and experienced by low-income users in their daily attempt to secure access to water. It will be argued that promoting integrity, besides controlling corruption, needs to include user perspectives on accountability, participation, and transparency. Moreover, water utilities should better guide users on what is required of them as clients. Such an approach can help water companies create programs that are more responsive to the needs of the urban poor.

Case Study by Marcela Lopez.


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Tags: #urban #water supply #utilities #Colombia


Inequalities in Water Service Delivery in Delhi

Migration to Delhi from neighbouring states is changing the social dimensions of the city. Underprivileged and marginalized people struggle daily to obtain water for their needs, sometimes succumbing to corruption and other illegal means to survive. This WIN brief explores the plight of these people, reflecting on the situation in many urban cities today. According to the UN, about half of the world’s population will live in cities by the year 2030. Inequality and corruption are likely to blight the water sector in these cities as it does in Delhi. Understanding the risks better and exploring the dynamics of integrity in urban water today are essential steps to achieving for equitable and effective service for all.

Brief by Almas Haider.


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Tags: #inequality #urban #water supply #India


Conducting Integrity Assessments of WASH in Schools

Accountability and transparency are missing from the processes of planning, constructing and maintaining toilets in many schools. This leads to the fact that school children in many countries are deprived of basic sanitation and hygiene facilities at school, despite funds being committed to address the issue. This report describes a pilot project on schools in Andhra Pradesh, India, where the AWIS methodology was used to evaluate integrity risks and encourage discussion on the root causes of poor sanitation in schools

WIN, FANSA and Arghyam project report by N. L. Narasimha Reddy and R. Murali.

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tags: #school #WASH # AWIS #sanitation #India


Water Integrity in Action: Fighting Corruption in the Construction of Large Dams

The Ziga Dam Experience, Burkina Faso.

The Ziga dam is a flagship project for ONEA and a key development to ensure wider access to water in the Burkinabe capital. During project management, specific attention was given to anti-corruption and integrity measures and processes to ensure timely and in-budget completion of the dam construction. These measures and processes are described in this case study by Mamadou Lamine Kouate, published by WIN, UNDP Water Governance Facility at SIWI and ONEA.

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tags: #dam #infrastructure #utility #procurement #BurkinaFaso


Construyendo Integridad en el Sector Agua

Building Water Integrity from the Ground Up: Stories from the Guatemala

A collection of stories on how people and CSOs in Guatemala are working to improve integrity in water.

A WIN, HELVETAS and SDC collection of stories by Andrea van der Kerk and Jacopo Gamba.



tags: #WASH # rural #Guatemala


1st African Water Integrity Summit: Case Studies

Water integrity ambassadors from 22 countries in Africa met to exchange case examples and good practices at the 1st African Water Integrity Summit in Lusaka, April 29-30 2014. Their experiences have been collated in this case book, which highlights the persistence and courage needed to promote water integrity in difficult political and organizational contexts.

Collection of case studies by participants of the 1st African Water Integrity Summit in Lusaka, published by WIN, UNDP Water Governance at SIWI, CAP-NET, Waternet and UNDP.

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tags: #WASH #rural #casestudies

Integrity and the Human Right to Water at Community Level in Central America

The role of Community Water Boards

Based on interviews with Community Water Board presidents in Nicaragua, Guatemala, El Salvador and Costa Rica, and with a case study on water contamination issues around pineapple plantations in Costa Rica, the report looks into how Community Water Boards see integrity and the regulatory framework they operate in.

WIN case study, by Anna Maria Buzzoni.

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tags: #WASH #rural #waterassociation


Water Integrity in Action: Curbing Illegal Sand Mining in Sri Lanka

Sand mining is not only often carried out illegally, it can also have devastating consequences on the environment that can endanger the lives of local populations. This publication documents the efforts made in Sri Lanka to counter illegal river sand mining. In 2005, a campaign was initiated against river sand mining by the Sri Lanka Water Partnership, the Network for Women Water Professionals (NetWwater) and partners. This case highlights the role that law enforcers needs to play in protecting natural resources and the environment and how engaging with different stakeholders helped bring about concrete change in how illegal sand mining is addressed and limited.

WIN case study by Kiran Pereira and Ranjith Ratnayake.

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tags: #sandmining #police #enforcement #pollution #SriLanka


Promoting Transparency, Integrity and Accountability in the Water and Sanitation Sector in Uganda

In Uganda, a Good Governance Sub-Sector Working Group initiated a Water Integrity Study in 2008 to better understand corruption in Uganda’s water sector, with support from WIN and the Water and Sanitation Program (WSP). The key findings of the integrity study are outlined in this report, along with conclusions and lessons learned from the process of developing and implementing an integrity assessment for Uganda.

WIN and WSP report, by Maria Jacobson, Sam Mutono, Erik Nielsen, Donal O’Leary & Rosemary Rop.

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tags: #assessment #watergovernance #Uganda

Corruption Risks in Water Licensing

With case studies from Chile and Kazakhstan

This report examines and compares corruption risks in water licensing in Chile and Kazakhstan. The analysis is based on field surveys in Kazakhstan and Chile (80 semi-structured and open interviews were held with licencors issuing water licenses, water licensees, NGOs, private sector managers, press, water managers, and power companies…)

WIN, UNDP Water Governance Facility at SIWI and Swedish Water House report, by Jeroen Warner, John Butterworth, Kai Wegerich, Alejandra Mora Vallejo, Grit Martinez, Christian Gouet, and Jan Teun Visscher.

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tags: #licensing #bidding #Chile #Kazakhstan